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Alternatively, the word eofor already existed as an Old English word for wild swine, which is a cognate of the current Low Saxon word eaver and Dutch ever.
The Anglo-Saxon newcomers probably interpreted the ebor part as eofor, and -rac as ric (meaning rich), while -um was (and is) a common abbreviation of the Saxon -heem, meaning home. As is common in Saxon place names, the -um part gradually faded; eoforic.
The city was founded by the Romans as Eboracum in 71 AD.
The city offers a wealth of historic attractions, of which York Minster is the most prominent, and a variety of cultural and sporting activities making it a popular tourist destination.
The first mention of York by this name is dated to circa 95–104 AD as an address on a wooden stylus tablet from the Roman fortress of Vindolanda in Northumberland.
It is thought that Eboracum is derived from the Brythonic word Eborakon, a combination of eburos "yew-tree" (cf.
In 866, Northumbria was in the midst of internecine struggles when the Vikings raided and captured York.
Under Viking rule the city became a major river port, part of the extensive Viking trading routes throughout northern Europe.
By the time of the Roman conquest of Britain, the area was occupied by a tribe known to the Romans as the Brigantes.